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Telecoms, Media & Technology

The EU-US Privacy Shield is No More

This article was written by Dr. Warren Ciantar and Dr. Claude Micallef-Grimaud.On Thursday 16th July 2020, the Court of Justice of the European Union ('CJEU') ruled that the 'Privacy Shield' agreement allowing for the transfer of personal data between the European Union and the United States of America does not provide sufficient protection from US surveillance to EU citizens.To fully appreciate the context and ramifications of this decision, one must go back to 2013, when a young Austrian privacy activist by the name of Max Schrems raised a complaint against Facebook with the Irish Data Protection Commissioner. The complaint centered around…
Warren Ciantar
23rd July 2020
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Legal UpdatesTelecoms, Media & Technology

Recent Amendments to the Maltese Subsidiary Legislation Regulating the Processing of data in the Insurance Sector

Legal Notice 107 of 2020 (the 'Legal Notice') has recently introduced important changes and clarifications to the Maltese 'Processing of Data Concerning Health for Insurance Purposes Regulations' (S.L. 586.10), which, in parallel with the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and the Maltese Data Protection Act (Chapter 586 of the Laws of Malta), regulate the processing of health data in the insurance sector.S.L. 586.10 primarily sought to set out a lawful basis for entities involved in the "business of insurance" to process data concerning health. Particularly, Regulation 4 thereof had previously set out a number of requirements for the processing…
MamoTCV Advocates
31st March 2020
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Legal UpdatesTelecoms, Media & Technology

Recent Amendments to the Maltese Special Rules of Processing of Personal Data by Public Authorities in Relation to Criminal Offences

The Maltese subsidiary legislation regulating the Processing of Personal Data by Competent Authorities for the Purposes of the Prevention, Investigation, Detection or Prosecution of Criminal Offences or the Execution of Criminal Penalties (S.L. 586.08), implementing EU Directive 2016/680, came into force on the same day as and in parallel with the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR).The said S.L. 586.08 has recently been amended by virtue of the similarly named Data Protection (Processing of Personal Data by Competent Authorities for the Purposes of the Prevention, Investigation, Detection or Prosecution of Criminal Offences or the Execution of Criminal Penalties) (Amendment) Regulations,…
MamoTCV Advocates
30th March 2020
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Telecoms, Media & Technology

A Brief Overview of the EU Electronic Communications Code

On 17th December 2018, Directive 2018/1972 of the European Parliament and Council establishing the European Electronic Communications Code (the 'EECC') was published and it entered into force on December 20th 2018. This Directive relates mainly to the protection of end-users in the field of telecommunications law and was designed to improve upon the current protection provided to end-users under the present telecommunications framework. Directive 2018/1972 provides for a number of changes to the field of telecommunications law. Some of these changes include, inter alia, that EU Member States are to establish an independent method of comparing similar telecommunications services which are…
Zachary Galea
14th October 2019
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Telecoms, Media & Technology

Cookies: ECJ Confirms Illegality of Pre-ticked Boxes

The European Court of Justice ('ECJ') has given its preliminary ruling following a request from the German Federal Court of Justice during a case between the Federation of Consumer Organisations ('the Federation') and Planet49 GMBH ('Planet49'), an online gaming company.  The issue concerned the consent of participants in a promotional lottery being organized by Planet49, to:i)    have their personal data transferred to the Planet49's partners and sponsors;ii)   the storage of their information and;iii)  the access of information stored on the users' terminal equipment (be it laptop, desktop, mobile device etc.).The facts of the case were as follows. In order to participate…
Warren Ciantar
9th October 2019
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Telecoms, Media & Technology

AI’s Responsibility Gap

An autonomous vehicle is heading into another vehicle with five people inside. It cannot brake in time. The two options are: to do nothing and allow itself to crash into the vehicle or to divert its trajectory and crash into a wall, almost certainly killing the autonomous vehicle's sole occupant. This is the Artificial Intelligence version of the 'Trolley Problem' - at its core a philosophical/ethical problem tackled from a number of perspectives, not least by a utilitarian approach.This moral question, which was previously a problem which 'merely' troubled the mind, now troubles us in an actual, physical and even…
Michael Camilleri
2nd October 2019